Health and Medical News

People with fewer moles may face risk of more aggressive melanoma

This is the conclusion of new research presented at the American Academy of Dermatology's 2015 Summer Academy Meeting in New York, NY. Dr. Caroline C. Kim, a dermatologist from the Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA, explains that melanomas are not all the same genetically, and so there may be different pathways that drive melanoma in these two different patient groups. While people with large numbers of moles may be more aware of their skin cancer risk than others, the research suggests that people with fewer moles may face a different kind of risk.

Drug leads to significant weight loss for people with type 2 diabetes

Study author Melanie J. Davies, professor of diabetes medicine at the Leicester Research Centre, and colleagues publish their findings in JAMA. Obesity is an ongoing global health concern. In the US, almost 35% of adults are obese, and as a result, are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular problems.

Surgery, radiotherapy for early-stage breast cancer 'may not reduce mortality'

Stage 0 breast cancer, also known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), is the most common form of noninvasive breast cancer, accounting for around 20% of all breast cancer cases. DCIS is diagnosed when cancer cells are identified in the milk ducts of the breast but have yet to spread to any surrounding tissue, meaning they are unable to metastasize outside the breast.

Psoriasis Linked to Higher Risk of Depression

"Psoriasis in general is a pretty visible disease," said study author Dr. Roger Ho, an assistant professor of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine in New York City. "Psoriasis patients are fearful of the public's stigmatization of this visible disease and are worried about how people who are unfamiliar with the disease may perceive them or interact with them."

Many Parents Aren't Shielding Babies From Sun's Harmful Rays: Study

University of Miami researchers surveyed 95 parents, most of them black or Hispanic, and found that only about 15 percent knew American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommendations for sun safety in infants. Eighty-three percent of the parents said they regularly seek shade for their babies, but only 43 percent routinely use a hat to shield their baby from the sun, and 40 percent said they routinely dress their babies in long sleeves and pants to protect them from the sun.

Fewer Seniors Fall While Taking Vitamin D: Study

Previous research has found vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining muscle strength, and some studies have suggested vitamin D may help prevent falls, researchers say. Vitamin D is found in such foods as cheese, yogurt, egg yolks and beef liver, and the skin naturally produces the vitamin when exposed to sunlight. "Falls in homebound older people often lead to disability and placement in a nursing home," said lead author Denise Houston, associate professor of gerontology and geriatric medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C.

Eating on the Run Might Mean Eating More Later

The study, involving three groups each with 20 women, tested the effects of various forms of "distracted" snacking -- eating while walking, watching TV or having a conversation. It found that among women who were currently dieting, eating while moving had an undesirable effect: They ate substantially more than other dieters a short time later. It's not clear what the findings, from an "artificial" lab study, could mean for weight-conscious people, the researchers said.

Early Stage Breast Cancer Far From a Death Sentence: Study

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Only 3 percent of women diagnosed with an early stage of breast cancer will die of their disease within 20 years, and more aggressive treatment does not improve that high survival rate, a new study suggests. "The good news is that death is pretty rare," said study first author Steven Narod, director of the Familial Breast Cancer Research Unit at Women's College Research Institute, in Toronto. "Clinically, the fact is that 3 percent in the big picture should be reassuring."

Stomach is the way to a woman's heart, too

You've heard that romance starts in the kitchen and not in the bedroom. Well, researchers at Drexel University finally have the science to support that saying -- but not the way you might think. In a new study published online in the journal Appetite, researchers found that women's brains respond more to romantic cues on a full stomach than an empty one. The study explored brain circuitry in hungry versus satiated states among women who were past-dieters and those who had never dieted.

Social surveys no longer accurately measure sex, gender in US

New research released by professors from Grand Valley State University and Stanford University reveals most social surveys in the U.S. are not measuring what surveyors think is being measured in regard to sex and gender.

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