Crohn's disease: characteristics of pathogenesis, clinic and treatment

Terminal ileitis was nosologically contoured shape only after work B.Crohn, in 1932, described in detail the clinical picture of the 14 cases. Further observations showed that the inflammatory process similar to that described, not only affects the small intestine, but can be more or less frequently extend to all parts of the digestive tract, and going blind gut (V.Crown, 1949), stomach, and duodenum (H. Fahimi et al., 1963), esophagus (N.Dyer et al., 1969).

Pseudomembranous colitis and "intestinal sepsis" - a consequence of dysbiosis caused by antibiotics

Adverse effects of unreasonable or irrational use of antibiotics have long been known. Among them are usually specified the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of pathogens, candidiasis, dysbiosis. Recently, as the development of new antibacterial broad-spectrum drugs, acquired special significance. In this regard, more alarming lack of awareness of the population and (most dangerously) many practitioners of the high risk of unjustified and unsystematic use of powerful modern antibacterial agents.

Chronic constipation in children: principles of therapy

In a lecture given to the definition of constipation in children, the criteria for its clinical diagnosis and classification, reflecting for the mechanism of development stage, the etiology of the process. Presents modern principles of diet therapy and drug therapy of constipation in children. Described in detail the advantages of lactulose preparations (Dyufalak®) in their treatment.Keywords: children, constipation, etiology, pathogenesis, classification, drug therapy, Dufalac

Functional constipation: issues of diagnosis and therapeutic approaches

Determining Functional constipation

Constipation: the tactics of the patient in the clinic

Locks are a serious medical and social problem in all countries of the world primarily because of their high prevalence, reduction of social activity and quality of life of patients. According to the statistics they suffer from 30 to 50% of the adult population. They are in the lead as the reasons for resorting to general practitioners and gastroenterologists. Physician must interpret the patient's complaints, to conduct the necessary diagnostic search and outline a treatment program.Definition and classification of constipation

Meaning of probiotics and prebiotics in the regulation of intestinal microflora

Problem microecology intestine in recent years attracted a lot of attention not only pediatricians, but also other physicians (gastroenterologists, neonatologists, infectious disease, bacteriologists). It is known that micro-ecological system of the body, both adult and child - a very complex phylogenetically formed, a dynamic complex, which includes a variety of quantitative and qualitative composition of the association of microorganisms and their biochemical activity products (metabolites) in certain conditions, habitat [4] .

Experience of treatment of constipation cologenic

The problem of the treatment of chronic colostasis (CRS) is one of the urgent problems of Coloproctology. Is not fully understood etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, conservative and surgical treatment of CRS. Remain disappointing results of surgical treatment, according to various authors the number of poor results comes to 27,3-45,9% [1, 2, 4].

Analysis of the causes of unsatisfactory results of surgical treatment of functional constipation

Surgical treatment of constipation in our day is one of the most urgent problems of modern Coloproctology, despite the fact that the first steps in this direction were made in the early XX century. [4]

Surgical rehabilitation of patients disabled the right half of the colon

In recent decades, reconstructive surgery of the colon has made significant progress [4, 5]. However, there are a number of clinical conditions associated with disabling the various divisions of the colon that can not get coverage in the contemporary press. This group includes patients who had undergone resection of the distal small intestine to form a bypass ileo - transverzoanastomoza off and passage of right-sided colon. This technique long used in emergency surgery.

The clinical course of diverticular disease in patients after the first attack of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis

Acute diverticulitis (OD) - is the most common inflammatory complications of diverticular disease [2, 5, 6, 8, 9]. According to studies conducted in the UK and the US, among patients with diverticulosis of the colon, ML develops in 25% of cases [1-4, 10]. Mortality in the group of patients who underwent two or more attacks OD 2 times higher compared with a group patients after one episode of inflammation [10].