The word "hemorrhoids" is derived from the Greek haimorois - bleeding. For many centuries the term refers to a variety of diseases of the internal organs, the rectum, the male and female genital organs, skin, accompanied by bleeding. Yet more often and rightly called hemorrhoids disease of the venous system of the rectum, one of the main symptoms of which - discharge of blood from the anus. According to modern concepts, to hemorrhoids include various manifestations of pathological changes of hemorrhoids (bleeding, prolapse of internal nodes, thrombosis and swelling of the external nodes of inflammation, necrosis).

What are hemorrhoids?

The overall prevalence of hemorrhoids

Although hemorrhoids are far from rare, and also affects people everywhere, to judge the true prevalence of the disease is difficult, since it is determined by the number of requests for medical aid patients and the results of prophylactic examinations and dispensary, and many, unfortunately, hide the presence of anxiety symptoms not only from others and their loved ones, but also from doctors. Most had the false idea of >hemorrhoids as indecent or even shameful disease.

Hemorrhoids - satellite civilization

Since hemorrhoids is a common modern disease, then there is a reasonable question: "Did this illness by our ancestors, or the problem occurred recently?" Apparently, hemorrhoids accompanied mankind since time immemorial. The doctrine of hemorrhoids has many thousands of years. As soon as the man rose above nature, began crafts, to lead a sedentary lifestyle, cook, he immediately got a lot of so-called diseases of civilization, which is not without reason can be attributed, and hemorrhoids.

External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoid lie within the anus and are usually painful. If an external hemorrhoid prolapses to the outside (usually in the course of passing stool), you can see and feel it. Blood clots sometimes form within prolapsed external hemorrhoids, causing an extremely painful condition called a thrombosis. If an external hemorrhoid becomes thrombosed, it can look rather frightening, turning purple or blue, and could possibly bleed.

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoid lie far enough inside the rectum that you can't see or feel them. They don't usually hurt because there are few pain-sensing nerves in the rectum. Bleeding may be the only sign that they are there. Sometimes internal hemorrhoid prolapse, or enlarge and protrude outside the anal sphincter. When this happens, you may be able to see or feel them as moist, pink pads of skin that are pinker than the surrounding area. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may hurt because the anus is dense with pain-sensing nerves.

Hemorrhoids: Influence of age and sex

Hemorrhoids are mainly exposed to people young and middle age, and the disease often manifests between 20 and 40 years, nevertheless known and documented cases of the disease even in children of two, three and six years old, suffering from constipation.

What are hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoids definition.

Hemorrhoids (US English) or haemorrhoids, are vascular structures in the anal canal that help with stool control. They become pathological or piles when swollen or inflamed. In their normal state, they act as a cushion composed of arterio-venous channels and connective tissue.